Shalmani,Shilmani(Sulemani) is one of the Pashtun tribes.According to Khan Roshan Khan of Swabi in "Tazkira" his famous book about Pakhtoons,"Shalmani(Shilmani) are "Banu Bakhtar"(بنو بختر) Israel who were living in an area "Shalman" in Syria.These Banu Bakhtar were the land lords of Shalman(شلمان), Ainab(عيناب) and Baiswad(بيسود) in Syria. But when they were exiled by Assyrian kings Shalmaneser(Shalman)I,II,III and IV etc to Khorasan". Please note that Shalmaneser means Shalman according to Bible(Hosea:10-14).They were known as shalmani in Khorasan because of their place name "Shalman" in Syria. At another place, in his book Khan Roshan Khan states, that Bani Pakht was a sub tribe of Judah. Where Judah was the son of Jacob. So it is very much clear now that Shalmani are Bani Pakht and now called as Shalmani because of their place name Shalman in Syria. According to my research, Shalman is situated on Lebanaon side near Hira water falls in the teritory of Asi River (نهر العاصى). Now a days Shalmani are living particularly in Afghanistan in different parts and in Khyber Pakhtunkhwah, they live in Shalman Valley in Khyber Agency. Other places where Shalmani or Shilmani lives are: In Pukhtoonistan except shalman they live in Peshawar, Hasht Nagar, Malakand Agency, Swat, Shangla,Deer,Bajoure, Boneer, Haripur etc and in Afghanistan in Kabul,Tora Bora(where they fought with American troops) SOURCE: (BBC World News) and Karman etc, in Iran they live in Tehran, Asfahan and Gilan etc.In Gilan there is a city by name Shalman, a river by name "Shalman Rud" because of this tribe's old place name "Shalman" in Syria, which they brought with them from Syria. Shalman Rud is famous for fishing and is one of the biggest four rivers of Iran. There are some Welknown scientists in Iran in different fields like chemistry, biology and atomic energy comission whoes names are A.M Shalmani, A.Koochaki Shalmani and Manzouri Shalmani etc. In pakistan atomic energy commision ther is a shalmani scientist. And the majority of shalmani is in the malaisha force, FC and Pakistan Army. Some are politicians like former MPA,s Naik Amal Khan Shalmani ,Jehangeer Khan Shalmani and Rahat Khan Shalmani of Sakha Koat and so on.
M.Saida Khan Shinwari gives that, Shilmani are divided as Shamsher Khel, Halimzai and Kam Shilmanis and considers them to be Mohmand. He states that Shamsher Khels are related to Morcha Khel Mohmands, Halimzai to Halimzai Mohmands and Kam Shilmanis to Tarakzai Mohmands. Officially the Shilmanis are treated as a separate tribe since the Khyber Agreement of 1881. The Shilmanis are closer to Mohmands in characteristics and based on historical evidence they appear to be close kinsmen of the Mohmand.
For more Information Please go to my artical at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shilmani
What does "Shalman" means?
According to Bible(Hosea:10-14)"as shalman destroyed betharbel",which means that as shalmaneser destroyed Betharbel.So shalmaneser and Shalman is just one name.In other words according different Christian and Jewish historians,Shalman is the contracted form of Shalmaneser,who was an Assyrian king.But actualy Shalman was not only one king.There were four assyrian kings named shalmaneserI,II,III and IV. So far it is clear, that Shalman was an Assyrian king and therefore it might be possible that the area "Shalman" may be named after these Assyrian kings. But I think that why this one name Shalmaneser was used for four persons or four kings. As it is clear from the numbering system I,II,III and IV, it means that all were belonging to one family, therefore they were using the same name as their own and beloved name.Is it not clear that it might be their family and tribe name????????? what do you think about it? My dears history is a very very difficult topic and it is very difficult to say it yes or no.I myself am very confused in this matter that how should and how can i prove it that these shalmanis belong to those kings and similarly to those kings' tribe.Because pakhtoons are basically Israel!.So i am still a history student and don't know much more about Assyrians history.I do'nt know that whether asyrians and israel are linked or not?if yes then it is true that shalmani belong to those kings.But at other side if we think that if they belong to those kings,then how they exiled to Iran by them? I think it will take a lot of time to solve,But however it demand a talented historian to solve this matter.But one a thing should be noted and must be noted that a historian who droped or rejected this topic will not be considered a talented historian.Because he has dropped arms and guns before this big and wonderful and complex problem.Why wonderful? Because this name is present in Jewish and christian communities.And it is still the name of jewish persons,Israel and christians as well.So here another question arises that why these people use this name.Some people will say that because it will be a common name but my dears it is not a common name it is just a name which describe a tribe or family name of these Israel,Jewish and christians.You again will say that how can you say it.Dear brother i have asked most of these people through internet and even i have mailed them also.They say that it is their tribe name.But still they have not explained that why this name is used.I mean they should link this name to ancient Israel.However one of their historians say that Shalman means Jeru-Shalem(Yeroshlem),which means furtherly "House of shalman" And then another historian Dr M.D Magee say that shalman means "Solomon" king Son of David(حضرت داود علية سلام),Some of them describe the theory of Bit-Shalman and so on.However my research is on the way and one day i will get the solution insha Allah.
Residency of Shalmanis.
Shalmani history is very intrusted as very few historian have described it in their history books.And no one has described the history of shalmanis in depth. The reason is that most of Pashtun historians wrote about their own tribe, ignored other tribes and presented themselves as heroes of all time.I said intrusted because this history of shalmanis predicts the most solid proofs about the Pakhtoons that they are Israelites.However further research and time is required to explore this history and also i am waiting of your help in this regard to develop the Pakhtoon's Israelites Idiology.Now let's state some thing about the residence of shalmanis.
There are many many places where shalmanis live. Some of them are known to me and some of them are not in my knowledge. I will divide the resedency of shalmanis in three categories.(1) Pakistan N.W.F.P(2) Afghanistan(3) The Rest Of The World. Now I will tell about the 1st one. In pakistan N.W.F.P, shalmanis live in (i) Shalman Valley (Khyber Agency) near Peshawar (ii) District Swabi(iii) District Charsaddah: Shalmani Kalay Umarzai and in Turlandai near to Nowshehra. (iv) Malakand Agency: Sakha Koat, Dargai, But Khela, Ala Dand Derai, Thana Village, Gat Kotay (v)District Swat: BariKot, Mingora, Matta, Sher Palam, Joora, KhareRai, Sijban, Bulkarai, Barthana, Pishthonai, Barabro(Swat and Deer border), Swatai(Swat and Deer border)(vi) District Shangla: Kotkay and other villages (vii) District Dir: Shilmani of Timergara, Balambat, Nawagai area, Chak Dara etc (viii) Hazara Division: Tehsil Haripur, District Pawa, Village, Bandi Pullan Abbotabad and many more (xi) District Boneer: The second one is Afghanistan where Shalmani live. They live there in different places like Kabul,Torabora etc.The 3rd one is that Shalmanis are also present in the rest of the world in different countries in different shapes. From different shapes i means that they belong to different religions. It will be the most wonderful infomation about shalmanis that they are in different relegions. Offcourse some of my Shalmanis and Pakhtun woul mind my this statement, but it is a fact which i have found through a large ammount of study of history books related to Syria. However this is not the place to go in more detail, more details shall be found in my book, which is under process.
Note: All the above places are known to me and I don't know about other places, so if some one has information about other places that I have not wrote here, he can send it on my
Thanks for your time